Table Of Abbreviations

Table Of Abbreviations



ADR: alternative dispute resolution

  • Meaning: Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) schemes are processes that enable you to resolve a dispute you are having with “anyone or company without having to go to court


AST: assured shorthold tenancy.

  • Meaning: It is the type that do not give a long-term tenancy security and are not regulated by the common rent control.

ATE: after-the -event:

  • Meaning: After the fact' means after an action is performed; in legal parlance, after a crime has been committed.


CCICA regs 2013: Consumer Contracts (information Cancellation and Additional Charges) Regulation 2013:

  • Meaning: The remaining provisions of the Directive are implemented in the Consumer Rights (Payment Surcharges) Regulations 2012.


CCMS: Client and Cost Management System

  • Meaning: CCMS is an online system for civil and family legal aid providers and others assigned to work on their cases, e.g. advocates, clerks and costs lawyers.
  • CCMS covers the whole process for certificated civil and family legal aid work, from submitting legal aid applications to paying bills.


CFA: Conditional fee agreement

  • Meaning: Conditional Fee Agreements is a legal funding arrangement where you only pay for your lawyers work on the condition that your case is won, and you receive compensation.


CJA 1967: Criminal Justice Act 1967

  • The Criminal Law Act 1967 (c.58) is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. However, with some minor exceptions, it generally applies to only England and Wales. It made some major changes to English criminal law


CPR: Civil Procedure Rules

  • The Civil Procedure Rules (CPR) are the rules of civil procedure used by the Court of Appeal, High Court of Justice, and County Courts in civil cases in England and Wales.


CRA 2015: Consumer Rights Acts 2015

  • Meaning: The Consumer Rights Act 2015 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom that consolidates existing consumer protection law legislation and also gives consumers a number of new rights and remedies


Crim’ PR: Criminal Procedure Rules

  • Meaning: Criminal Procedure is the laws and rules governing the mechanisms under which crimes are investigated, prosecuted, adjudicated, and punished.


C(RTP) A 1999: Contracts (Rights of third parties) Act 1999:

  • Meaning: Contract (RIGHTS OF THIRD PARTIES) ACT 1999. The old general rule was that only a party to a contract could enforce its terms; anyone else (a “third party”) could not.


DA 2015: Deregulation Act 2015

  • Meaning: The Deregulation Act 2015 was passed on 26 March 2015 in a bid to reduce some of the burdens of previous legislation which no longer had practical use.


DCLG: Department for Communities and Local Government

  • DCLG was created on 5 May 2006, replacing the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister (ODPM), with a remit to promote community cohesion and equality, as well as responsibility for housing, urban regeneration, planning and local government.


DQ : direction questionnaire

  • Meaning: Directions questionnaire: fast track or multi-track the form sent to claimants and defendants in fast track and multi-track cases so that the judge can give instructions to both parties ...


DWP: Department for Work and Pension

  • Meaning: The Department for Work and Pensions (DWP) is responsible for welfare, pensions, and child maintenance policy. As the UK’s biggest public service department, it administers the State Pension and a range of working age, disability, and ill health benefits to around 20 million claimants and customers.


DA 2015: Deregulation Act 2015

  • Meaning: The Deregulation Act 2015 was passed on 26 March 2015 in a bid to reduce some of the burdens of previous legislation which no longer had practical use. The act as a whole cover’s measures relating to: general and specific areas of business, companies and insolvency.


DPA 1972: Defective Premises Act

  • Meaning: Defective Premises Act 1972 1972 CHAPTER 35 An Act to impose duties in connection with the provision of dwellings and otherwise to amend the law of England and Wales as to liability for injury or damage caused to persons through defects in the state of premises. [29th June 1972]


ECF: Exceptional Case Funding

  • Meaning: Exceptional case funding Exceptional case funding under s10 of LASPO was designed to provide advice and representation to people whose human rights are breached or at risk; but whose cases are outside the scope of legal aid as set out in schedule 1 of the Act.


EHO: environmental health officer

  • Meaning: Environmental Health Officers (also known as Public Health Inspectors or Environmental Health Practitioners) are responsible for carrying out measures for protecting public health, including administering and enforcing legislation related to environmental health and providing support to minimize health and safety hazards.


ELR: Emergency Legal Representation

  • Meaning: emergency representation” means the provision of civil legal services following an urgent application made in accordance with regulations made under section 12 (determinations) of the Ac

EPA 1990: Environmental Protection Act 1999

  • Meaning: These explanatory notes refer to the Pollution Prevention and Control Act 1999, which received Royal Assent on 27 July 1999. They have been prepared by the Department of the Environment, Transport.


FR regs 2013: Civil Legal Aid (Financial Resources and payment for Services) Regulation 2013

  • Meaning: The Civil Legal Aid (Costs) Regulations 2013 (“the Regulations”) make provision about costs orders in civil proceedings in favour of or against a legally aided party and, in certain circumstances, against the Lord Chancellor.


HA 1961: Housing Act 1961

  • Meaning: Housing Act 1961 1961 CHAPTER 65. An Act to make further arrangements for the giving of financial assistance for the provision of housing accommodation, to confer further powers on local authorities as regards houses let in lodgings or occupied by more than one family, and houses or other buildings affected by clearance orders and demolition orders, to amend section five of the Rent Act, 1957, by allowing a greater increase in the permitted rent for improvements, to alter the circumstances ...


HA 1985: Housing Act 1985

  • Meaning: Housing Act 1985 An Act to consolidate the Housing Acts (except those provisions consolidated in the Housing Associations Act 1985 and the Landlord and Tenant Act 1985), and certain related provisions, with amendments to give effect to recommendations of the Law Commission.


HA 1988: Housing Act 1988

  • Meaning: In its simplest form, the 1988 Housing Act gives us the modern tenancy agreement whereby a tenant has the right to live, undisturbed, in a property for an agreed period of time and for an agreed amount of rent. The landlord, on the other hand, has the right to set that rent and also has the power to evict.


HA 1996: Housing Act 1996

  • Meaning: Housing Act 1996 1996 CHAPTER 52. An Act to make provision about housing, including provision about the social rented sector, houses in multiple occupation, landlord and tenant matters, the administration of housing benefit, the conduct of tenants, the allocation of housing accommodation by local housing authorities and homelessness; and for connected purposes.


HA 2004: Housing Act 2004

  • Meaning: An Act to make provision about housing conditions; to regulate houses in multiple occupation and certain other residential accommodation; to make provision for home information packs in connection with the sale of residential properties; to make provision about secure tenants and the right to buy; to make provision about mobile homes and the accommodation needs of gypsies and travellers.


HHSRS regs 2005: Housing Health and Safety Rating System

  • The HHSRS assesses 29 categories of housing hazard. Each hazard has a weighting which will help determine whether the property is rated as having category 1 (serious) or category 2 (other)
  • was introduced by Part 1 of the Housing Act 2004 and the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (England) Regulations 2005 (SI 2005 No 3208) which came into force on 6 April 2006. It applies in England and Wales (Housing Health and Safety Rating System (Wales) Regulations 2006 1(SI 2006 No 1702)) but does not apply in Scotland.

HHSRS Regs 2005: Housing Health and Safety Rating System Regulation 2005

  • Meaning: Documents providing guidance about the housing health and safety rating system (HHSRS). The HHSRS a risk-based evaluation tool to help local authorities identify and protect against potential risks.


HMO: House in multiple occupation

  • Meaning: A house in multiple occupation (HMO), or a house of multiple occupancy, is a British English term which refers to residential properties where ‘common areas’ exist and are shared by more than one household. 


HRA 1998: Human Right Act 1998

  • Meaning: Human Rights Act 1997. Long title. An Act to give further effect to rights and freedoms guaranteed under the European Convention on Human Rights; to make provision with respect to holders of certain judicial offices who become judges of the European Court of Human Rights; and for connected purposes.


HPA 2016: Housing and Planning Act 2016

  • Meaning: The Housing and Planning Act 2016 (c. 22) is Act of Parliament in the United Kingdom that makes widespread changes to housing policy and the planning system.


JC: Judicial Collège

  • Meaning: Judicial College the Lord Chief Justice is responsible for arrangements for training the courts’ judiciary in England and Wales under the Constitutional Reform Act 2005. The Senior President of Tribunals has an equivalent responsibility in relation to judges and members of the tribunals within the scope of the Tribunals, Courts and Enforcement Act 2007.


LA 1980 : Limitation Act

  • The Limitation Act 1980 (c. 58) is a British Act of Parliament applicable only to England and Wales. It is a statute of limitations which provides timescales within which action may be taken (by issuing a claim form) for breaches of the law.


LAA: Legal Aid Agency

  • Meaning: they provide civil and criminal legal aid and advice in England and Wales to help people deal with their legal problems.


LASPO 2012: Legal head Sentencing and Punishment of Offences Act 2012

  • Meaning: An Act to make provision about legal aid; to make further provision about funding legal services; to make provision about costs and other amounts awarded in civil and criminal proceedings; to make provision about referral fees in connection with the provision of legal services; to make provision about sentencing offenders, including provision about release on licence or otherwise; to make ...


LCG: Lord Chancellor ‘s Guidance

  • Meaning: In certain special cases it may be necessary for Magistrates HR to seek a direction from the Senior Presiding Judge and/or the Lord Chancellor on the eligibility of an individual candidate/serving magistrate to be appointed/remain in office. Where this happens, the Senior Presiding Judge’s / Lord Chancellor’s decision will be final.


LGHA 1989: Local Government and Housing Act 1989

  • Meaning: LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND HOUSING ACT 1989 Under Section 1 of the Act, no holder of a politically restricted post can become (whether by election or otherwise) or remain a member of any authority to which the provisions apply (ie County Councils, District Councils, London boroughs) nor can the employees.


LTA 1985: Landlord Tenant Act 1985

  • Meaning: The Landlord and Tenant Act 1985 implies an absolute and non-excludable obligation upon landlords to carry out basic repairs. It is implied into all tenancy agreements.


LTA 1987: Landlord Tenant Act 1987

  • Meaning: The Landlord and Tenant Act 1987 provides that any landlord wishing to dispose of his interest in a building containing two or more flats must first offer its interest to the 'qualifying tenants' ie, broadly speaking, the tenants with long leases.


MCOL: Money Claim Online

  • Meaning: Money Claim Online (MCOL) is HM Courts & Tribunals Service Internet based service for claimants and defendants.


Merits Regs 2013: Civil Legal Aid (Merits Criteria) Regulation 2013

  • Meaning: The Civil Legal Aid (Merits Criteria) Regulations 2013 (“the Regulations”) make provision for the criteria which the Director of Legal Aid Casework must apply when determining whether an individual or legal person qualifies for civil legal services under Part 1 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012.


MHCLG: Ministry of Housing Communities and Local Government

  • Meaning: Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government. The Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government ( MHCLG) is the UK Government department for housing, communities and local government in England.


OFT: Office of Fair Trading

  • Meaning: The Office of Fair Trading (OFT) was responsible for protecting consumer interests throughout the UK. Its responsibilities have been passed to a number of different organisations.


OLA 1957: Occupiers Liability Act 1936

  • Meaning: The Occupiers’ Liability Act: What You Need to Know. The Occupiers’ Liability Act specifically outlines some of the responsibilities of an occupier, and what duty of care is required. These provisions in the Act are particularly important to know because they are what the court will look at in the event a claim for damages is made.

PCCSA 2000: Power of Criminal Court (Sentences) Act 2000

  • Meaning: The Powers of Criminal Courts (Sentencing) Act 2000 (c.6) is a consolidation Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that brings together parts of several other Acts dealing with the sentencing treatment of offenders and defaulters.


PD: Practice Direction

  • Meaning: practice direction is a supplemental protocol to rules of civil and criminal procedure in the courts – "a device to regulate minor procedural matters" and is "an official announcement by the court laying down rules as to how it should function."


PHA 1936: Public Health Act 1957

  • Meaning: This is a republication of the Public Health (Prohibited Drugs) Act 1957, including any amendment made under the Legislation Act 2001, part 11.3 (Editorial changes), as in force on 31 July 2002.


Procedure Regs 2012: Civil Legal Aid (Procedure) Regulations 2012

  • Meaning: The Civil Legal Aid (Procedure) Regulations 2012 (“the Regulations”) make provision about the making and withdrawal of determinations that an individual qualifies for civil legal services under sections 9 and 10 of the Legal Aid, Sentencing and Punishment of Offenders Act 2012.


QOCS: Qualified One-Way Costs Shifting

  • Meaning: Qualified One-Way Costs Shifting (QOCS) are rules of Court introduced on 1 st April 2013, that provide protection to Claimants against Defendants’ costs whilst still providing that Defendants are liable for Claimants’ costs.


RA 1977: Rent Act 1977

  • Meaning: The Rent Act 1977 is the piece of legislation which introduced the category of protected tenancy in the law of England and Wales.


RICS: Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors

  • Meaning: The Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors (RICS) is a professional body promoting and enforcing the highest international standards in the valuation, management and development of land, real estate, construction and infrastructure.


RSH: Regulator of Social Housing

  • Meaning: The Regulator of Social Housing regulates registered providers of social housing to promote a viable, efficient and well-governed social housing sector able to deliver homes that meet a range of needs.


SCCO: Senior Courts Cost Office

  • Meaning: What the Senior Courts Costs Office does We assess the costs and expenses incurred in civil litigation in order to decide how much: a successful party in litigation can recover from their opponent.


SRA: Solicitors Regulation Authority

  • Meaning: Solicitors Regulation Authority. The Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA) is the regulatory body for solicitors in England and Wales.


TCC: Technology and Construction Court

  • Meaning: Technology and Construction Court a specialist forum that deals principally with construction disputes and computer or IT disputes. It replaced the Official Referee's Court. Major cases are heard there, and some have gone on to the House of Lords.


UCTA 1977: Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977

  • Meaning: The Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 prevents people from including terms in a business contract which unfairly restrict their liability for negligence, breach of contract or breach of implied terms such as those from Sale of Good Act 1979 which require goods and services to be fit for purpose. The Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977.


UTCC Regs 1999: Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999

  • Meaning: assessment of unfair terms. 6. —(1) Without prejudice to regulation 12, the unfairness of a contractual term shall be assessed, taking into account the nature of the goods or services for which the contract was concluded and by referring, at the time of conclusion of the contract, to all the circumstances attending the conclusion of the contract and to all the other terms of the contract.


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